SOA Testing IMS applications Regression testing of Z/OS, IMS DB2 and MQ at the SCC by replaying production workload.
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Presentation on theme: “SOA Testing IMS applications Regression testing of Z/OS, IMS DB2 and MQ at the SCC by replaying production workload.”— Presentation transcript:
1 SOA Testing IMS applications Regression testing of Z/OS, IMS DB2 and MQ at the SCC by replaying production workload
2 Process Summary Extract 01 and 03 logrecs for a time period Create Input file from 01 and 03 data Sort the input file Transfer input file to the SCC Run the test
3 Input file Each input record and it’s responses are grouped together consecutively on the log 00 control record contains information about the message, userid, lterm,etc. Also contains the elapsed time since the last message 01 record, contains the input message. May be segmented over multiple messages 03 record contains a ‘response snippet’ A bit of the response to be compared for success An indication of the expected response time Includes Length and offset One per response May be 0 or more than one per input message
4 Log extract Process Extract program Production IMS LOGS Apply optional filters Sort Extract File Take this file to the flash copy test systems
5 Extract Program – LIVSOAL Read IMS SLDS directly Produces smallest amount of data Use for normal testing Each system extracted separately, then merged with a sort Produce from IMSPI extract Extract and merge 01 03 recs into a DASD dataset Run the extract program against the DASD dataset Useful for rerunning, developing, etc Still requires sort step afterwards
6 Distributed Environment – Simplified MQ JVM AIX MQ OTMA MPR DB2 MPR IMS Z/OS WAS
7 Regression testing SOA applications Subtask Driver MQ OTMA MPR DB2 MPR IMS Extract file Z/OS Address Space
8 Driver Program LIVSOAD Uses subtasking to drive MQ at the required message rate Mainline controls pacing and subtask scheduling Subtasks issue MQPUT, MQGET with wait option. Waits on message correlid, like our real SOA systems
9 Driver Program LIVSOAD Finds available input queues dynamically Accepts commands via sysin or modify Coordinates startup and shutdown of subtasks Reads the input file Creates the input message from segments Build the MQIIH in front POSTs subtask to do the MQ calls
10 Subtask Program LIVSOAS1 Connects to MQ, creates reply queue First time only Sends Message to IMS using MQPUT1 Uses the original userid authority Uses the same commit mode Uses the same MQ input queue for a particular TPIPE 3270 messages round robined Waits for response with MQGET Wait time factored on original response time Waits on a specific correlid response message Compares the response received to the expected messages Accumulates response times Waits for more work Disconnects from MQ on termination
11 Error Processing Count of errors maintained Terminate after a maximum numbers MQ errors Completion and reason codes written to syslog Comparison Errors Snaps output record and snippets. All subtasks busy Wait 1 second and retry Repeat for up to 30 seconds before termination Number of subtasks is adjustable But beware of MQ IDBACK=20 – can reassemble/zap table, or set with online command =MVMA SET SYSTEM IDBACK(500)
12 Checkpoint Processing Replay log data until stop is triggered By end of log data By MAXMSGS processed By MAXERRS reached By ELAPSED minutes By STOP command Write the next record STCK to checkpoint file Reposition here on next restart Aim is only to replay a piece of log data once
13 Execution Parameters CommandValuesSYSINModifyNotes MAXTASKS1-100YesNoNumber of subtasks PCTRATE1-999Yes Percentage of the original message rate to send MINRATE0-999Yes Minimum rate override MAXRATE0-999Yes Maximum rate override ELAPSED0-999Yes Elapsed time for test MAXMSGS0-99999Yes Max messages for test MAXERRS0-99999Max errors before term ABENDN/ANoYesTerminates with dump QMGR8charYesNoQueue manager name STGCLASS8charYesNoStorage class name of IMS as defined to MQ STRTTIME6charYesNoTime to start STRTDATE8charYesNoDate to start PLEXNAME8charYesNoStop Accidents!!
14 Log extract Parameters CommandValuesNotes STRTDATEyyyymmddStart date to extract STRTTIMEhhmmssStart time to extract ENDTDATEyyyymmddEND date to extract ENDTIMETIMEhhmmssEND time to extract If not specified, reads from start to end of supplied log Paired date and time must be both specified, or omitted
15 Log extract Filtering ParametersValuesNotes T=TRAN nameCan be generic U=useridOptional, can be generic M=ltermOptional, can be generic O=1-500Compare offset, defaults to 0 L=0,255Length of comparison, default 100, CN/AUppercase compare data XN/AExclude ExamplesT=ABC,M=CSQ*,O=12,L=10 T=ABC,O=12,L=10,U
16 Testing Results About 95% of transactions worked OK ‘out of the box’, OTMA+3270 With filtering, now 99.8% work Not all transactions replay OK SOA/OTMA workload is generally OK Some transactions ‘call out’ via MQ to off mainframe – not available at SCC Some transactions had a date/time in first 100 bytes – change the compare offset/length for these trans Not all 3270 works EDIT=UC and no MFS – gets uppercased when it didn’t previously DRD could easily change to EDIT=ULC 3270 traffic was not the reason for writing – a bonus if it worked
17 Testing Approach Get a clean run, excluding stuff we can’t get to work RC=0 means function worked without errors Tune the comparison offset for some transactions IMSGEN to remove EDIT=UC, or online command with DRD Exclude transactions we cannot get to work Run the test before a change Run the test after a change Need to pull off and compare IMF data for performance profile comparisons
18 Testing Notes Startup mainview on SYSA/B Start up summary trace and MWAIT for all transactions Start up MQ MVMA and MVM1 Nobble JCL for CHIN Make sure DB2s are started and connected, MSC links started, regions up Start with a small, slow sample. Expect ‘first time’ timeouts Can run overnight, set STRTDATE and STRTTIME in SYSIN. Job will wait until that time to begin test
19 Testing Notes Jobs on IV.MASTER.JOB(SOATESTn) 1 – log extract IMSA 2 – Log extract IMSC 3 – SORT SOA file 4 – DUMP/TERSE SOA FILE 5 – FTP GET/UNTERSE SOA FILE at SCC 6 – Execute driver program 7 – Terse IMF logrecords to take back to real systems 8 – Restore IMF logrecs 9 – LOAD IMS logrecs into SAS
20 Enhancements? Do a before/after comparison job for IMF log data Report the offset of compare failures Summary report – list by highest errors Can we do anything for stored procs? Extract program – Use DBRC API, Dynamic allocation of SLDS, SORT in one step IMS Connect OTMACI